The effects of biocrusts on soil parameters in a semi-arid pediment at north-eastern Iran
The biocrusts are organized by soil-surface communities of biota that live within or on the very top of soil surface and play an important role in soil conservation. They include lichens, mosses, fungi, cyanobacteria, eukaryotic algae, and other heterotrophic bacteria. The interaction between biocrusts and soil is very important and good awareness from that help to better manage soil specially in arid and semi-arid areas. The linkage between cyanobacteria species and soil physicochemical parameters and mineralogy in two geomorphic zones in the northeastern Iran was studied. Samples were collected in summer along a linear transect by using 50 x 50 cm quadrates for each study zone. Individual mineral soil particles were analyzed by a scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The amounts of Na, K, Ca, and Mg contents as well as EC and SOC altered significantly between two study zones. Biocrusts increased levels of organic carbon, pH, calcium carbonate, exchangeable sodium and potassium percentages. The main soil properties of SOC, CaCO3 and amount of clay changed among biocrust sand bare soils.
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